Booming: Television News Channels in India

In the days before the online gaming revolution and before the growth in tribal casinos cruise on a casino was the only legal way to gamble in the US other than Las Vegas and Atlantic City casinos. Nowadays, gambling on a riverboat casino is only one of the many options that the recreational gambler faces when he feels like shooting dice.

The story of casino cruises along with riverboat casinos within the United States goes back to the early 19th century, when Mississippi River was a major trade route for farmers and merchants. The towns along the river became a major attractions for professional gamblers called cardsharps, who were hunting the travelers who carried huge quantities of cash.

Five cardsharps were executed on the Mississippi in 1835, professional gamblers were driven away from the south. The riverboat gambling style was a routine between gamblers. Two decades prior to Civil War saw the pick of luxurious riverboat casino gambling.

The public image of the common riverboat gambler has changed a quite a bit in the last century. If during the 19th century riverboat gambling was an integral part of the frontier lifestyle nowadays, a cruise to a casino is something you would buy to commemorate your grandparents’ birthday.

The first State that legalized casino riverboats was Iowa in 1989. Nowadays, riverboat casinos are legalized throughout Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, South KANNADANEWS Carolina and Texas. In some states, the riverboats for casinos actually go along the sea, while others are permanently anchored and do not quit the dock. The second kind of casinos on riverboats allow gamblers on a leisure basis to simply hop on a nearby casino and play their preferred casino game for just a few hours.

The types of casino games offered in riverboat casinos differ from one state another. You can usually play slot machines and classic table games like blackjack roulette, craps, roulette Baccarat, and so on. Some of the riverboat casinos also have poker rooms in which players can play Texas Holdem against one another. A majority of cruises on casinos are family-friendly, and offer different activities apart from gambling like live entertainment and entertainment for kids.

If you are considering taking part in a cruise to a casino and you are looking to cruise with a casino, you don’t have to fret about sharps on cards or a tough competition around the table of poker. Many of those that join a cruise are gamblers on a pleasure cruise who enjoy playing a fun game of craps in between elegant dining and sun-bathing at the dock. Additionally, you will get a more pleasant and more attentive service from casino employees and dealers than in an average Las Vegas casino.

If spending the weekend at a riverboat casino is too much for you, it is possible to try one of Florida daily casino cruises. If you decide to go on a Sterling Casino Lines cruise, as an example, you’ll depart at 11 am and be back by 18 pm. Sterling Casino Lines cruises take place on a 75,000 square feet gambling area with more than 1,000 slot machines and fifty table games.

Sterling Casino Line cruise is only one of many choices available throughout the US for those that want to bet on the country’s lakes, rivers and oceans. The selection of casino cruises, as well as riverboats with docks casino options include the most extravagant Las Vegas styles casinos and simpler alternatives. If you like gambling for fun and you tend to be sick at sea, joining a casino cruise could be a fun distraction for one day or even for a whole weekend.

News programmes have suddenly become popular and are competing for attention alongside other popular programmes telecast in different channels. All major television broadcasters are offering at least one news channel in their lineup. The biggest challenge for the launch of the satellite channel is programming software that works round the clock. Newsgathering is an essential task for the 24 hour news channels. To meet this need the new digital channels have attempted to report on all news events irrespective of position, location and time. They have not only changed the concept of news broadcast on Indian television, but also transformed the news format. In the 1990s, Doordarshan was the sole newscast provider on Indian television, and had also transformed news programs into a routine exercise. In the past, private channels made news a crucial item, just like food, cloth and shelter. The main benefit of today’s news bulletins is their quality, accuracy, gloss editing, and top-quality images. News has come far from the DD time period. From local news to International stories and breaking news, from news analysis to breaking news analysis, soaps on television to news page3 each event is under the purview of news. In this article, we have examined some of the major changes that occurred in news broadcasting in India in the years prior to and after in the aftermath of Gulf War.

Indian Television – Flash Back

Television in India has seen major changes as part of the free market environment. To grasp these changes it is essential to have some brief idea of the routes taken by television channels up to now. The first step was an experiment with an investment from UNESCO in 15th September 1959. The makeshift studio located at Akashvani Bhavan New Delhi was chosen for the location of the study. The experiment started with one-hour program, broadcast twice a week, on community health the rights of citizens, traffic and education, etc. As far as news is concerned, the program was first launched just six years after the introduction of television broadcasting. A daily one-hour show with an information bulletin was offered to Indian viewers. But one major drawback of television was that it were unable to see the original colours of the objects as a result of black and white transmission. The first multi-color television program was Prime Minister’s address to nation from the Red Fort in Delhi on India’s 35th Independence Day. In the identical day DD National channel was created. The goal of this National channel is to encourage the national unity, and instilling the sense of pride that is innate to Indians. Indian audience members also enjoyed watching the colored version of the Asian Games hosted by New Delhi in their living room. The broadcasting of major events and other occasions lends a significant influence on the spread of television signals to remote corners of the subcontinent. Indian Government has taken every step to increase the coverage of television geographically. Television signals in 1983 were accessible to just 28 percent of the population. that number had risen to a staggering 80% by the end of 1985 . By 1990, nearly 90% of the population was able to TV signals. In 1984, DD Metro channel was added to provide an exclusive entertainment channel for urban viewers. In the beginning, the channel was confined to metropolitan cities.
As a public broadcaster, Doordarshan broadcast news in a naturalized way. Every controversial issue was swept under the rug. The ruling party held a firm grip on the TV broadcasting. Doordarshan news bulletins were not able to deliver international news to national viewers. Objectivity had been the first victim as news was always adjusted to the particular current political party. News was released from the constraints within the DD newsroom, and gained objectivity and credibility when New Delhi Television (NDTV) produced ‘The World This Week in 1988. Everybody was eagerly awaiting the Friday evening to watch “The World This week”. This was the sole Indian-based programme, which looked out at the rest of the world. In the end, World This Week was the most current news program that covered the international scene. It carried important news that the regular DD news failed to deliver. The show is recognized as one of the country’s finest and most well-known television shows. It was in 1989 that NDTV created India’s very first live-telecast of the nation’s general elections. The commercial and critical success of the program sets an entirely new standard to Indian television. After The Gulf War the media panorama changed completely.

Golf War – The Catalyst

Post-1990 satellite television in India has been transnational in character. It was a result of the entrance of multinational corporations into the Indian markets under the government strategy of privatization. International satellite television was introduced by India by CNN by way of it’s coverage of Gulf War in 1991. In August 1991, Richard Li launched Star Plus which was the very first satellite station that that broadcast the signal to the Indian subcontinent. The channel of Subhash Chandra’s Zee TV appeared in October 1992. It was India’s very first privately-owned Hindi channel that caters to the demands in Indian viewers. This ignition followed by Sony and then by domestic channels such as Eenadu, Asianet and Sun TV. Entertainment programming had begun to be the main focus of the organization’s programming strategies and advertising had become be the primary source of financing. Doordarshan’s earlier mandate to aid in the process of economic and social growth had been clearly diminished. Doordarshan was facing a fierce competition in news and public affairs programming by international channels such as BBC and CNN. Doordarshan planned to sell some slots for news programme under sponsored categories. On February 15, 1995 NDTV became the first producer that is private of the National news program, ‘News Tonight’. The program that aired on the state-owned government channel. Doordarshan established a new standard for Indian television due to its on-the-spot reporting with pertinent visuals. In the same year TV Today Network occupied a 20-minute slot in the DD Metro channel and aired the Hindi program and a news show “Aaj Tak”. This programme became popular for its broad coverage as well as its unique style of presentation presented by the late S. P. Singh. We still remember the welcome message “Ye Thi Khabar Aaj Tak, Intizar. Kijiye Kal Tak”. Many viewers across India watched Aaj Tak as a daily routine due to its unique style of news presentation. Besides that Nalini Singh’s five-minute , fast-paced, condensed daily news capsule Ankhon Dekhi, TV Today’s Business Aaj Tak and Newstrack were aired by the Metro channel of Doordarshan. It was the time when satellite channels concentrated on entertainment programmes for their channels. Doordarshan was still the most sought-after news channel’.

Major Players

The monopoly on Doordarshan’s television was ended in 1992, when private channels slipped into the Indian boundaries and entertain the viewers as much as they could. At the beginning of the 1990s, private channels were able to only show entertainment. The entertainment programs include comedy, family dramas and children’s programming, as well as cartoons, movies, talk shows, recipe shows musical concerts and non-fiction shows. Private entertainment channels added a few entertainment programs to their Fixed Point Charts (FPC). In keeping the growing demand for entertainment programs in mind the media houses started producing magazines that covered entertainment and news and news programs for various channels. India’s most prestigious business and consumer news broadcaster and a leading producer of media-related content, Television Eighteen India Limited (TV18) established India’s very first ever entertainment publication ‘The India Show’ that was broadcast on Star Plus in 1993. The media giant of the future provided prime time television content to most of the major stations on satellite television across India which included BBC, Star Plus, Sony Entertainment Television, Zee, MTV and Discovery. After The India Show, TV18 produced a weekly news program called India Business Report for BBC World. Indian viewers had a few choices (like television stations that broadcast public services like Doordarshan, BBC and CNN) to watch the TV news. For televised news, the viewers had to choose Dordarshan and some international news channels like BBC and CNN. In the race to offer greater news and information, Zee Television jumped into the fray by launching the news channel Zee News in 1995. This News and current affairs channel revolutionized the way news was delivered to the audience. Since its start, Zee News has endeavoured to be the fastest in providing newsand has worked towards an unifying goal of Sabse Pahle (Always First). Another news channel that is available round-the-clock owned by Murdoch, Star TV beamed its exclusively 24/7 news channels, Star News in 1998. Star signed a deal of five year with Prannoy Roy’s NDTV (New Delhi Television Company) to provide news content for this news channel.
The untiring exhaustive coverage of the Kargil conflict between India and Pakistan received more media attention in addition to attracting more audiences towards the electronic channel. This televised conflict also sets an example for wartime journalism. When it was the Kargil war, common citizens watched as their brave Jawans engaged in combat despite difficult conditions, and were able to watch the war front live by the exclusively news channels, Star-TV and Zee-News. Live coverage of the battlefield helped to generate a sense of patriotism in the Indian populace, which eventually resulted in the raising of massive funds for the welfare of the families of the Kargil martyrs. Every news programme draws the attention of an enormous number of viewers, but the Kargil conflict attracts private broadcasters to invest more money into the broadcasting industry through the launch of an information channel. The channel was launched in November of 1999. TV18 was a part of a 50:51 joint venture with CNBC Asia to launch CNBC India. TV18 acts as sole program provider to CNBC India, and produces 12 hours of local content each day on the 24-hour satellite channel.
After the huge success and success of Aaj Tak, a news channel, TV Today group launched the 24 hour Hindi news channel under the same name ‘Aaj Tak’, in December 2000. It covers India with wisdom, conviction and plenty of local flavour. Within 11 months after its debut, Aaj Tak emerged as India’s number one news channel and was awarded Best News Channel award from Indian Television Academy Awards. Some mega events apart from regular interesting items (such like Kandhahar hijack, September 11 attacks, Afghanistan war attacks at Parliament, Iraq war, Godhra violence and riots) have boosted the viewership. With time, NDTV’s five years contract with Star group for outsourcing of news and related programming ended on March 23, 2003. The contract was due to expire. NDTV entered the broadcasting industry with the launch of two 24-hour news channels: NDTV 24X7 – English news channel, and NDTV India – Hindi news channel, which targets the Indian diaspora from all over the world. News crazy Indians were able to get more news with faster speeds from the various channels. Any unusual happening can be captured by the camera of the TV everywhere from Rastrapati Bhawan to bedroom. The power of TV journalism was become more visible due to major sting operations such as Operation West End and Shakti Kapoor Case. This kind investigational journalism brought about changes in how we look at news, with new definitions of editorial freedom. The largest family in the world, ‘Sahara India Parivar’ has launched a 24-hour national Hindi news station, Sahara Samay, in March of 2003. It is the first ever city-specific satellite news channel, which covers 31 cities across India featuring their very own city news bulletins. Keeping the demand of news in mind, the Union cabinet endorsed the plan to convert the DD Metro to DD news in a meeting which was held on the 3rd of October, 2003. Consequent to these decisions the DD-News channel launched on November 3, 2003. It is possible that you have noticed that they are not language specific. However, DD’s news channel has daily round-the-clock news bulletins in Hindi/ English are also telecast twice a day through the National Network of DD National.

 

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